allstaractivist note: Dayne Walling, former mayor of Flint, owns this one. I was just watching a 2013 documentary about urban farmers trying to get established in Flint and thinking to myself, “was this done on purpose to thwart yet another example of self sufficiency?”
Anytime a group of slaves tries to break free of their dependence on “Master’s” system of control, punitive action is guaranteed to follow. Look at what they did to David Koresh and those kids. I’m not saying that Koresh was correct in his beliefs, but did they have to burn the children alive? They could have just followed the Sheriff’s advice and arrested him in town. The Sheriff told them that he had done it himself several times before. Instead, the Feds wanted to make a statement, “try to break free of our Matrix and we will burn you and your children alive.”
They did the same thing to former LAPD Officer Christopher Dorner (even though that was a false flag ala 911). I mean come on, do you mean to tell me that they actually found unscorched passports of the 911 terrorists among the rubble? That they really found Dorner’s unscorched driver’s license among the cinders of the house they burned down around him? Come on…
I believe this Flint water tragedy to be an engineered disaster, done purposely to prevent it’s citizens from setting the example. Just as they did in Waco, just as they did with the Black Panthers and with any other person or group attempting to define their own destiny.
Bye the way, they yet again employed fire in the raid / murder of The Black Panther’s headquarters, murdering 21 year old leader Fred Hampton and then torching the facility. The only people in the building at the time it caught fire were the police, everyone else had been hauled away long before.
Former Flint Michigan mayor Dayne Walling should go to prison for life, along with all of those involved. How many kids have suffered permanent brain damage from drinking lead contaminated water? How many pregnant women? Absolutely disgusting.
What Dayne Walling did is what I call “real terrorism”, it’s always originated and sponsored by the state.
Reposted from: Michigan State University Extension
How might Flint’s water contamination affect garden soils? Part 1
With the news of lead contamination in the City of Flint’s water supply, people who farm and garden in the city are questioning the safety of growing in soil that has been irrigated with contaminated water.
Much has been reported recently about lead contamination of the drinking water in the City of Flint, Michigan, and the danger that represents to its residents. Lead is a neurotoxin when ingested or inhaled, with potentially serious, harmful health effects. With this city’s vibrant culture of community gardens, residential gardens and urban farms, Flint gardeners and farmers have become concerned with the safety of growing food in soil that has been irrigated with lead contaminated water. While it is clearly recognized that drinking lead contaminated water is a direct health concern, affected residents are now worried about every possible pathway to potential lead exposure.
New concerns about using contaminated water for irrigation over the last two growing seasons has gardeners and farmers asking questions, even as we’ve learned that a healthy diet, such as those grown in Flint’s food gardens, is one of the strategies to prevent lead poisoning. Foods rich in iron, calcium and vitamin C, such as grean leafy vegetables, tomatoes and peppers are particularly effective. An additional blow to the community’s health in the past year was the closure of the three remaining chain grocery stores, further reducing food access for those most vulnerable, requiring innovative ideas for access to healthy food, information, and resources.
There are several pathways for lead to accumulate in garden soils. People are more commonly exposed to soil lead when in direct contact with contaminated soil or from the very fine soil particles carried into houses as airborne dust on shoes, clothing or pets, rather than from irrigation water. A past article from a Michigan State University Extension colleague, described the dangers of lead exposure and steps to minimize your risk. The typical sources of elevated lead in our soils are lead-based house paint (chips, dust) used before the mid 1970’s; soils adjacent to major roads existing before the mid 1980’s when leaded gasoline was used; soils on sites that were old fruit orchards where lead arsenate was used as a pesticide until the 1950’s, or soils where the previous land use included certain types of manufacturing.
If you are concerned about the level of lead found in the soils you wish to garden in, we routinely recommend soil testing – including testing for environmental contaminants such as lead – for all new food gardens, as well as researching the site’s previous uses.
In an effort to apply research based information to the water contamination in Flint and its possible effects on soils, local Michigan State University Extension educators reached out to experts in MSU’s Department of Plant, Soil, and Microbial Sciences. Lead dissolved in water used for irrigation sticks to soil particles, and over time this newly added lead would add to the lead already found in the soils. Lead occurs naturally in soils in a range from ten to 50 parts per million (ppm). Generally, it is considered safe to use garden produce grown in soils with total lead levels less than 300 ppm.
MSU Environmental Chemistry professor Stephen Boyd’s initial thought was that irrigation during the past two growing seasons would not have substantially increased the lead levels in the soils, and he offered to perform calculations to test this idea. Using the edible flint demonstration community garden as an example, located in the city where water lead levels tested high, we were able to provide the information needed to perform the calculations. By calculating the area (square footage) of the garden, the volume of water used over the growing season (we had a reading from the rented city water meter that is hooked up to a fire hydrant), the concentration of the lead in the water used for irrigating, along with the previous lead level of the soil in the garden, he was able to demonstrate that the lead newly added in the irrigation water was minimal compared to typical levels of lead already present in Flint soils.
Our edible flint demonstration garden’s most recent soil lead test (from Spring 2015) was 93pm, and the season’s irrigation water would increase lead in the top six inches of soil by just 0.0025 ppm – or just an 0.0025 percent increase in the soil lead level of that garden. A second MSU soil chemistry professor re-did these calculations independently and came up with the same answer. Thus, it seems unlikely that lead contaminated irrigation water had any significant impact on lead levels in Flint garden soils. This will provide reassurance for Flint’s gardeners/farmers questioning the safety of growing food in soil that has been irrigated with lead-contaminated water over the past two growing seasons.
Residual lead in urban soils themselves is more of a concern than additional lead added from the irrigation water, which is why soil testing – including testing for environmental contaminants such as lead – is recommended for all new food gardens, as well as researching the site’s previous uses.
This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. For more information, visit http://www.msue.msu.edu. To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit http://www.msue.msu.edu/newsletters. To contact an expert in your area, visit http://expert.msue.msu.edu, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464).